The elk hunt is over on the National Elk Refuge north of Jackson and this year’s harvest amounted to 147 elk that were taken. Still, says Refuge Biologist Eric Cole, this is a minimum estimate because the submission of reports on the permits that had been issued is not mandatory and additional reports may still be turned in. Cole says snow accumulations at higher elevations andthe amount and quality of forage on summer and transitional range affect migration timing to the refuge. These conditions subsequently affect the availability of elk to hunters and harvest levels. At last count, there were about 1400 elk on the south end of the refuge and more arriving. Based on radio and GPS collar information, many of those are elk that summer in the central valley and eastern portions of Grand Teton National Park, elk that summer in Yellowstone, and elk that summer in Teton Wilderness have migrated to the refuge. Those that summer closer to the refuge have not yet arrived.